Pigeon, also known as dove, is a member of Columbidae family. There are many species of pigeons including rock pigeons (columba livia) which we see most of the time. Wild pigeons were tamed centuries ago. Nowadays, they are known as domestic pigeons and are considered a symbol of peace.
Rock pigeon has a slaty-gray plumage, having bright-colored feathers on its neck and chest. The colors vary from green to blue, from blue to purple, depending on where you watch the bird. Black stripe appears on its both wings and tail, with a noticeable black stripe on its tail. The tail is covered with white feathers. Pigeons form groups, flying and soaring together.
Size is the only decisive factor for people to distinguish a male pigeon from a female. The male has wider shoulder, round head, longer feet, and longer spine than the female. Moreover, the male has shorter neck, shining feathers on its neck, cries louder, and walks faster than the female. The male in courtship rotates its body and jumps at the same time. Usually, the female has a slim neck and cries softly.
A male pigeon usually lives with a female. Pigeons always fly in groups. They feed on plant food including fruits and seeds, such as corns, peanuts, beans, peas, sorghum, melon, dandelion, and rice.